Jute is a natural fibre which is 100% biodegradable and recyclable, also known as one of the strongest natural fibres. Due to its shiny, silky quality it is called as the Golden Fibre. Jute has the ability to be blended with other synthetic and natural fibres, making it a refreshing change from plain old cotton sarees. Jute silk sarees come in a wide range of designs and patterns in brilliant colours and innovative prints and are usually heat and fire resistant.
It’s UV protection, sound and heat insulation, low thermal conduction and anti-static properties make it a wise choice not only as traditional wear, but also as fabric for home décor. Jute contributes lasting solutions to the universal problem of pollution. It is environment friendly as its contents are cellulose and lignin, which are biodegradable. Unlike most synthetic products, it does not generate toxic gases when burnt.
India is proudly one of the largest producers and consumers of Jute products in the world. Jute sarees are available in different kinds of organic block prints like Dabu, Batik and Bagru. These handwoven sarees are the best choices for any occasion because of the hard work and effort put into it. Artisans in India put in sweat, tears and a lot of warmth to reach their final outcome. In India, the states that produce Jute fabrics are Bengal, Assam and Bihar.
- Jute fibre either comes from the outer skin of the plant known as ‘ribbon’, or from the stem itself. The fibres are extracted by a process known as retting which consists of bundling stems of jute and immersing them in water. The two retting types are ribbon retting and stem retting.
- This is followed by the strip process. This job is usually done by women. It involves the scraping off of non-fibre matter before workers come in and grab each fibre from within the stem of the jute.
- After this, the jute is spun for producing yarn. The jute spinning machine is capable of producing quality yarns.
- The yarn is then woven firmly to make unique patterns. Weaving is a process of interlacement of two series of threads called “warp” and “weft” yarns to produce the fabric of desired quality.
- Lastly, two methods are used for softening; use of softening machine and use of jute good spreader, which means, an emulsion plant with jute softener is used to lubricate and soften the bark and gummy raw jute. The emulsion plant consists of gear pump, motor, vat, jet sprayer, nozzles, emulsion tank and the jacket. In this softening process jute becomes soft and pliable and suitable for carding.
What makes Jute so amazing and affordable is that it has many different types of uses. It is not only used to make yarn or cloth but also it is used to make Jute Pulp and paper, along with other household items such as sack-cloth, mats, curtains etc.
It’s high time we start replacing silk and cotton with more natural and cruelty free products such as Jute fibre, Banana fibre, Bamboo fibre and even Pineapple fibre! These fabrics help us save the environment step by step while still making sure we’re on top of our fashion game!
The Phoenix Company brings to you our exclusive hand woven Jute silk sarees. This saree has lovely sequins in its pallu and borders. Handwoven and animal-friendly, this piece is a treasure and a must-have!
Purchase this saree now: http://thephoenixcompany.in/index.php/product-brands/fraterniti/sarees/jute-silk.html
By Naqiyah Hasan